Round #1 - Pool
Round Seeding
Seed Name Class./Rank Club(s) Division Country Status
1 Adolphe, Benjamin B16 / 44  FSA  Virginia  USA 
2 Zhang, Daniel C16 / 46  BRE    CAN 
3 Zhao, Howard B16 / 54  DYN    CHN 
4 Haddad, Justin B16 / 57  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
5 Markham, Jimmy B16 / 59  VIVO FENCING  New England  USA 
6 Sjostedt, Jacob B16 / 67  TIGERZ / ZFA  Philadelphia  USA 
7 Plumer, Jack B16 / 73  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
8 Kim, Ethan B16 / 90  LIFC  Virginia  USA 
9 Dimmett, David A16  GREEN  Virginia  USA 
10 Lawson, Nicholas B17  FC  Metro NYC  USA 
11 Weiss, Miles B16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA 
12 Stotz, Zachary B16  FSA  Virginia  USA 
13 Zhang, Matthew B16  TIGERZ / ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA 
14 Zheng, Hagen B16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA 
15 Lee, Woosuk B16  PENTA    KOR 
16 Thayer, Jake B16  SWFFA / ILFC  Central FL  USA 
17 Gornovsky, David B16  SWP    CAN 
18 Maurer, Chip B15  RCHMOND / DCFC  Virginia  USA 
19 Kumashi, Mihir C16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA 
20 James IV, EJ (Edward) C16  TAMPAFA  Central FL  USA 
21 Luong, Nam C16  OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA 
22 Park, Prestan C16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
23 Lee, Timothy Seungjoon C16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
24 Zhang, Tianyi C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
25 Liverant, Skyler C16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
26 Ma, Ark C16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA 
27 Lozanov, Steven C16  SMFC  Western NY  USA 
28 Berger, Matteo C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
29 McKinley, Liam C16  DCFC  Virginia  USA 
30 Jayendra, Chandrashekar C16  NTFA  North TX  USA 
31 Doan, Joseph C16  FSA  Virginia  USA 
32 Zhang, Jimmy C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
33 Kang, Michael C15  ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA 
34 Ratliff, Kenan D16  APEX  N. Carolina  USA 
35 Kim, John D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
36 Costolo, Peter D16  ALLEZ  Northeast  USA 
37 Graber, Andrew D16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA 
38 Feinberg, Gabriel D16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA 
39 Gonzalez II, Ricky D16  OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA 
40 Leigh, David D16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA 
41 Kim, Derek D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
42 Ra Jr., Daniel D16  FAW  West-Rock  USA 
43 Reid, Avo D16  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
44 George, Cal D16  RIFAC  New England  USA 
45 Jha, Rahul D16  FSA  Virginia  USA 
46 Kambeseles, Jack D16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
47 Yi, Kyle D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
48 Obregon, Emilio D16  ZFA  S. Jersey  USA 
49 Lavenstein, Kinley E17  RIFAC  New England  USA 
50 Gaidar, Daniel E16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
51 Tae, William E16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
52 Price, Michael E16  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
53 Schniederjan, Joseph E16  DUNWOODY  Georgia  USA 
54 Partridge, Lucas E16  CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA 
55 Kambeseles, Peter E16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
56 Kim, Alex E16  PENTA  Virginia  USA 
57 Mora, Christian E16  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
58 Cha, Russell E16  TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA 
59 Nomani, Shibli E16  LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA 
60 Vinnitchouk, Ted E16  TORONTOFC    CAN 
61 Yao, Michael E16  DYN    CAN 
62 Szabo, Benedek E16  SWP    CAN 
63 Zafft, Maximo E16  PVFA  Connecticut  USA 
64 Combs, Colson E16  APEX  N. Carolina  USA 
65 Hilbert, Xavier E16  DCFC  Capitol  USA 
66 Steuble, Jack E16  NOVA  Virginia  USA 
67 Lipper, Alexander E15  FSA  Virginia  USA 
68 Capobianco, Anthony MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
69 Fu, Han DYN    CAN 
70 Guo, Joe (Yihong) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN 
71 Park, Minchan PENTA  Virginia  USA 
72 Harrington, Joseph (Jay) D'ALERTA  Central FL  USA 
73 Yoon, Nathan CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA 
74 McDermott, Patrick DVFC  Philadelphia  USA 
75 Singcuenco, Lance NORTHSFC  Long Island  USA 
76 Labrozzi, Aidan APEX  N. Carolina  USA 
77 Menon, Amol MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
78 Falletta, Anthony TRI-WPN FC  Maryland  USA 
79 Pfeltz, Joshua MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
80 Nehila, Stephen ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA 
81 Bowerman, Lucas FAP  Philadelphia  USA 
82 Van Allen Jr., Peter C DCFC  Capitol  USA 
83 Kuttrus, Max APEX  N. Carolina  USA 
84 Nossa, Alec   New Jersey  USA 
85 Guo, David (Yipu) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN 
86 Dixon, Samuel FENCERS  Metro NYC  USA 
87 Lyu, Weilin (Alex) DYN    CAN 
88 Thacker, William CF&F  Northern OH  USA 
89 Bekker, Mitchel NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
90 Boswell, Griffin DCFC  Capitol  USA 
91 Slavinskiy, Alan NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
92 Reitinger, Luke DCFC  Capitol  USA 
93 Rode, Damian FAW  West-Rock  USA 
94 Whelan, Thomas (Tony) OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA 
95 Hane, Matthew CF&F / DFC  Northern OH  USA 
96 Glaz, Nicholas NYFA  Metro NYC  USA 
97 Garfinkel, Draken VACADF  Virginia  USA 
98 Zhou, Leo DYN    CAN 
99 Park, Brian ROCKLAND FENCERS  West-Rock  USA 
100 Park, Vincent PENTA  Virginia  USA 
101 Holler, Pascal RIFAC  New England  USA 
102 Douglas, Colin RIFAC  New England  USA 
103 Kastenberg, Leo FAP  Philadelphia  USA 
104 Zook, Evan GREEN  Virginia  USA 
105 Gerardi, Samuel NOVA  Virginia  USA 
106 Brunet, Nathan OLYMPIAMON    CAN 
107 Capobianco, Paul MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA 
108 Marakov, Allen MEDEO F.C.  New Jersey  USA 
109 Lee, Wesley DYN    CAN 
110 Motir, Lucas COBRA FC  New Jersey  USA 
111 Olsen, Cian LIFC / NWFC  Southern CA  USA 
112 Ricchiuti, Nikola CF&F / DJHS  Northern OH  USA 
113 Stichman, Alexander DCFC  Capitol  USA 
114 Hess, Oakley ROYALSWORDS  Virginia  USA 
115 Xiong, Yiwei BRE    CAN 
116 Kravit, Connor FAW  West-Rock  USA 
117 Grillo, Jamie RIFAC  New England  USA 
118 Seifrit, Robert WAL-SWR P  Philadelphia  USA 
119 Deans, Robert LIFC  Virginia  USA 
120 Foster, William DCFC  Capitol  USA 
121 Makheja, Jared VACADF / PENTA  Virginia  USA 
122 Schleicher, Edward CF&F  Columbus OH  USA 
123 Saito, Thomas BRE    USA 
124 Valluri, Rohan LIFC  Virginia  USA 
125 Luo, ZiRui OLYMPIA F. C.  New England   
126 Piccus, Isaac LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA 
127 Marsili, Damiano ALLIANCE F.A.    ITA 
128 Snively, Mark FFF  Virginia  USA 
129 Huisenga, Justin LIFC  Virginia  USA 
130 Gallo, Thane FAW  New Jersey  USA 
131 Mrowka, Mario OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA 
132 Kim, Juni TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA 
133 Carvalho, Daniel CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / ISB  New England  USA 
Round Scores
Pool #1
On strip J1
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Hess, Oakley
ROYALSWORDS / Virginia / USA
1 D1 D2 V5 D1 D1 D4 1 0.17 14 26 -12
Gonzalez II, Ricky
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
2 V5 V5 V5 V5 D2 V5 5 0.83 27 13 +14
Labrozzi, Aidan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
3 V5 D0 D2 D2 V5 D1 2 0.33 15 23 -8
Menon, Amol
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
4 D1 D0 V5 D0 D2 D1 1 0.17 9 27 -18
Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
5 V5 D4 V5 V5 D4 V5 4 0.67 28 17 +11
Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
6 V5 V5 D1 V5 V5 D4 4 0.67 25 19 +6
Xiong, Yiwei
BRE / CAN
7 V5 D3 V5 V5 D4 V5 4 0.67 27 20 +7
Referee(s):
Van Scoyk, Aeron
UNIVOF / Gateway FL

Pool #2
On strip J2
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Singcuenco, Lance
NORTHSFC / Long Island / USA
1 D4 V5 D3 D3 D0 D4 1 0.17 19 29 -10
Kravit, Connor
FAW / West-Rock / USA
2 V5 D2 D3 D1 D1 D3 1 0.17 15 26 -11
Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
3 D4 V5 D4 D4 V5 D4 2 0.33 26 23 +3
Graber, Andrew
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
4 V5 V5 V5 D3 D2 V5 4 0.67 25 21 +4
Stichman, Alexander
DCFC / Capitol / USA
5 V5 V2 V5 V5 D1 D3 4 0.67 21 21 0
Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
6 V5 V5 D1 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 26 12 +14
Deans, Robert
LIFC / Virginia / USA
7 V5 V5 V5 D1 V5 D3 4 0.67 24 24 0
Referee(s):
Fife, Jamie
ORIOF / Oregon

Pool #3
On strip J3
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Olsen, Cian
LIFC / Southern CA / USA
1 D4 D2 V4 V5 D1 D3 2 0.33 19 25 -6
Pfeltz, Joshua
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
2 V5 D0 D4 V5 D2 D1 2 0.33 17 25 -8
Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
3 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 4 +26
Costolo, Peter
ALLEZ / Northeast / USA
4 D3 V5 D0 V5 D2 D4 2 0.33 19 25 -6
Grillo, Jamie
RIFAC / New England / USA
5 D2 D1 D0 D2 D2 V5 1 0.17 12 28 -16
Kim, Derek
PENTA / Virginia / USA
6 V5 V5 D1 V5 V5 D1 4 0.67 22 16 +6
Yoon, Nathan
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
7 V5 V5 D1 V5 D3 V4 4 0.67 23 19 +4
Referee(s):
Adams, Jim
DCFC

Pool #4
On strip J4
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 9 +21
Nehila, Stephen
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
2 D1 V5 D1 V5 V5 D2 3 0.50 19 23 -4
Motir, Lucas
COBRA FC / New Jersey / USA
3 D4 D3 D2 V5 V5 V5 3 0.50 24 23 +1
Ra Jr., Daniel
FAW / West-Rock / USA
4 D0 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 25 19 +6
McDermott, Patrick
DVFC / Philadelphia / USA
5 D0 D2 D1 D3 V5 D3 1 0.17 14 28 -14
Falletta, Anthony
TRI-WPN FC / Maryland / USA
6 D2 D3 D3 D4 D3 D1 0 0.00 16 30 -14
Kim, John
PENTA / Virginia / USA
7 D2 V5 D4 D4 V5 V5 3 0.50 25 21 +4
Referee(s):
Mahmoud, Taysir
New England
Papadopoulos, Maria
Virginia / USA

Pool #5
On strip K1
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Bowerman, Lucas
FAP / Philadelphia / USA
1 V5 D4 V5 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 29 21 +8
Reid, Avo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
2 D4 V5 D3 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 27 16 +11
Lee, Wesley
DYN / CAN
3 V5 D1 D2 D4 V5 D2 2 0.33 19 25 -6
Markham, Jimmy
VIVO FENCING / New England / USA
4 D3 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 28 18 +10
Makheja, Jared
VACADF / Virginia / USA
5 D3 D0 V5 D3 D1 D1 1 0.17 13 29 -16
Harrington, Joseph (Jay)
D'ALERTA / Central FL / USA
6 D4 D2 D1 D1 V5 V5 2 0.33 18 25 -7
Ratliff, Kenan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
7 D2 D3 V5 D4 V5 D4 2 0.33 23 23 0
Referee(s):
Keirstead, Katherine
UNIVOTK / Tennessee

Pool #6
On strip K2
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Brunet, Nathan
OLYMPIAMON / CAN
1 V5 V2 D2 D4 D0 V5 3 0.50 18 13 +5
Park, Minchan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
2 D0 D1 D2 D3 V4 V5 2 0.33 15 24 -9
Kang, Michael
ROCKLAND FENCERS / New Jersey / USA
3 D1 V5 V2 D3 V5 V5 4 0.67 21 15 +6
George, Cal
RIFAC / New England / USA
4 V5 V5 D1 D3 V5 V5 4 0.67 24 14 +10
Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
5 V5 V5 V4 V4 V5 V5 6 1.00 28 20 +8
Schleicher, Edward
CF&F / Columbus OH / USA
6 V1 D1 D4 D3 D3 V5 2 0.33 17 20 -3
Van Allen Jr., Peter C
DCFC / Capitol / USA
7 D1 D3 D3 D1 D4 D1 0 0.00 13 30 -17
Referee(s):
Fife, Isobel
ORIO / Oregon
Fayez, Ayman
IMASA / Georgia

Pool #7
On strip K3
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Gerardi, Samuel
NOVA / Virginia / USA
1 D0 V5 V5 D4 D2 D2 2 0.33 18 26 -8
Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
2 V5 D4 V5 V5 V5 D3 4 0.67 27 19 +8
Kuttrus, Max
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
3 D2 V5 V5 D3 D2 D4 2 0.33 21 28 -7
Seifrit, Robert
WAL-SWR P / Philadelphia / USA
4 D4 D3 D4 D2 V5 D2 1 0.17 20 29 -9
Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
5 V5 D4 V5 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 29 19 +10
Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
6 V5 D2 V5 D4 D2 D1 2 0.33 19 24 -5
Zhang, Jimmy
DCFC / Capitol / USA
7 V5 V5 V5 V5 D3 V5 5 0.83 28 17 +11
Referee(s):
Vaughan, James
NONE / Western PA

Pool #8
On strip K4
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Kim, Ethan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 12 +18
Ricchiuti, Nikola
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
2 D2 D3 D2 D3 D4 D2 0 0.00 16 30 -14
Foster, William
DCFC / Capitol / USA
3 D1 V5 D2 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 23 22 +1
Nossa, Alec
New Jersey / USA
4 D0 V5 V5 D3 D4 D3 2 0.33 20 24 -4
Doan, Joseph
FSA / Virginia / USA
5 D3 V5 D3 V5 V5 D3 3 0.50 24 21 +3
Fu, Han
DYN / CAN
6 D2 V5 D2 V5 D0 D4 2 0.33 18 28 -10
Kambeseles, Jack
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
7 D4 V5 D4 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 28 22 +6
Referee(s):
Abdelaziz, Hisham
FENCERSACA / St. Louis

Pool #9
On strip L1
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Dimmett, David
GREEN / Virginia / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 D2 V5 5 0.83 27 17 +10
Marakov, Allen
MEDEO F.C. / New Jersey / USA
2 D4 V5 D2 V5 D3 V5 3 0.50 24 20 +4
Saito, Thomas
BRE / USA
3 D2 D3 V5 V5 V3 D2 3 0.50 20 24 -4
Yi, Kyle
PENTA / Virginia / USA
4 D2 V5 D3 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 25 22 +3
Capobianco, Anthony
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
5 D2 D0 D4 D4 D2 D3 0 0.00 15 30 -15
Guo, David (Yipu)
DYN / CAN
6 V5 V4 D2 D4 V5 D1 3 0.50 21 20 +1
Jayendra, Chandrashekar
NTFA / North TX / USA
7 D2 D3 V5 D2 V5 V5 3 0.50 22 21 +1
Referee(s):
Blake, David
PRISDFF / New England
Mahmoud, Zaid
New Jersey / USA

Pool #10
On strip L2
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Gallo, Thane
FAW / New Jersey / USA
1 V5 D4 D2 D3 V5 D4 2 0.33 23 26 -3
Capobianco, Paul
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
2 D4 D3 D2 D2 V5 D4 1 0.17 20 28 -8
Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
3 V5 V5 V5 D1 V5 D4 4 0.67 25 21 +4
Lawson, Nicholas
FC / Metro NYC / USA
4 V5 V5 D3 V5 D2 V5 4 0.67 25 20 +5
McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
5 V5 V5 V5 D4 V5 V5 5 0.83 29 14 +15
Luo, ZiRui
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England
6 D2 D3 D1 V5 D1 D3 1 0.17 15 27 -12
Lipper, Alexander
FSA / Virginia / USA
7 V5 V5 V5 D2 D2 V5 4 0.67 24 25 -1
Referee(s):
Bratsko, Debbie
BUCKCAOF/ / Philadelphia

Pool #11
On strip L3
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Lyu, Weilin (Alex)
DYN / CAN
1 V3 D4 V5 D3 D1 D3 2 0.33 19 24 -5
Dixon, Samuel
FENCERS / Metro NYC / USA
2 D2 V5 V5 D0 D3 D2 2 0.33 17 22 -5
Zook, Evan
GREEN / Virginia / USA
3 V5 D1 D3 D3 D3 D1 1 0.17 16 28 -12
Lavenstein, Kinley
RIFAC / New England / USA
4 D2 D3 V5 D4 D2 V5 2 0.33 21 24 -3
Weiss, Miles
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
5 V5 V5 V4 V5 D2 V5 5 0.83 26 17 +9
Berger, Matteo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
6 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 13 +17
Steuble, Jack
NOVA / Virginia / USA
7 V5 V5 V5 D1 D2 D2 3 0.50 20 21 -1
Referee(s):
Bookwalter, TIm
NONE

Pool #12
On strip L4
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Gaidar, Daniel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
1 D4 D3 V5 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 27 22 +5
Lozanov, Steven
SMFC / Western NY / USA
2 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 20 +10
Thacker, William
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
3 V5 D4 V5 D2 D3 D0 2 0.33 19 25 -6
Hilbert, Xavier
DCFC / Capitol / USA
4 D2 D4 D3 D3 V5 V5 2 0.33 22 22 0
Marsili, Damiano
ALLIANCE F.A. / ITA
5 D4 D2 V5 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 26 21 +5
Park, Vincent
PENTA / Virginia / USA
6 D3 D4 V4 D1 D2 V5 2 0.33 19 25 -6
Stotz, Zachary
FSA / Virginia / USA
7 D3 D2 V5 D1 D4 D2 1 0.17 17 25 -8
Referee(s):
Tsiatas, Katherine
New England

Pool #13
On strip M1
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Ma, Ark
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 D1 5 0.83 26 17 +9
Szabo, Benedek
SWP / CAN
2 D3 V5 V5 V4 V5 D3 4 0.67 25 18 +7
Tae, William
PENTA / Virginia / USA
3 D0 D2 V5 V5 V5 D4 3 0.50 21 23 -2
Bekker, Mitchel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
4 D2 D4 D3 V5 V4 D0 2 0.33 18 26 -8
Valluri, Rohan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
5 D4 D1 D2 D3 V5 D2 1 0.17 17 27 -10
Douglas, Colin
RIFAC / New England / USA
6 D3 D2 D3 D3 D3 D3 0 0.00 17 29 -12
Zhang, Matthew
TIGERZ / New Jersey / USA
7 V5 V4 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 29 13 +16
Referee(s):
Nguyen, Thomas
UTO(IU
Lu, Annamaria
CUTTEFC / North TX

Pool #14
On strip M2
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Boswell, Griffin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 D3 D1 D1 3 0.50 20 26 -6
Zafft, Maximo
PVFA / Connecticut / USA
2 D4 V5 D4 D3 V5 V5 3 0.50 26 25 +1
Snively, Mark
FFF / Virginia / USA
3 D3 D3 D2 D3 D2 V5 1 0.17 18 29 -11
Zheng, Hagen
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
4 D4 V5 V5 V5 V5 D4 4 0.67 28 22 +6
Zhou, Leo
DYN / CAN
5 V5 V5 V5 D3 D3 D3 3 0.50 24 23 +1
Price, Michael
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
6 V5 D3 V5 D3 V4 D0 3 0.50 20 21 -1
Liverant, Skyler
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
7 V5 D4 D4 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 28 18 +10
Referee(s):
curtis, leo
NWFC / Oregon

Pool #15
On strip M3
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Slavinskiy, Alan
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 16 +14
Zhang, Tianyi
DCFC / Capitol / USA
2 D4 V5 D3 D2 V5 V5 3 0.50 24 22 +2
Huisenga, Justin
LIFC / Virginia / USA
3 D0 D3 D4 D4 V5 D3 1 0.17 19 29 -10
Holler, Pascal
RIFAC / New England / USA
4 D4 V5 V5 D4 D0 D4 2 0.33 22 27 -5
Combs, Colson
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
5 D1 V5 V5 V5 D1 V5 4 0.67 22 23 -1
Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
6 D4 D1 D4 V5 V5 V5 3 0.50 24 18 +6
Schniederjan, Joseph
DUNWOODY / Georgia / USA
7 D3 D3 V5 V5 D3 D2 2 0.33 21 27 -6
Referee(s):
ElGhamrawy, Alia
IMASA

Pool #16
On strip M4
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Rode, Damian
FAW / West-Rock / USA
1 D3 V5 V5 D2 V5 V5 4 0.67 25 22 +3
Lee, Timothy Seungjoon
PENTA / Virginia / USA
2 V5 D4 D4 D4 V5 V5 3 0.50 27 21 +6
Partridge, Lucas
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
3 D4 V5 V5 D0 V5 V5 4 0.67 24 18 +6
Thayer, Jake
SWFFA / Central FL / USA
4 D4 V5 D3 D3 V5 V5 3 0.50 25 23 +2
Yao, Michael
DYN / CAN
5 V5 V5 V4 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 29 12 +17
Mrowka, Mario
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
6 D2 D3 D2 D1 D2 D1 0 0.00 11 30 -19
Garfinkel, Draken
VACADF / Virginia / USA
7 D2 D0 D0 D3 D1 V5 1 0.17 11 26 -15
Referee(s):
Bratsko, Stephen
BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey

Pool #17
On strip N1
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
1 V5 V5 V5 V5 V3 V5 6 1.00 28 11 +17
Park, Prestan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
2 D1 D3 V5 V5 V4 D2 3 0.50 20 21 -1
Whelan, Thomas (Tony)
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
3 D4 V5 D2 V3 D3 D4 2 0.33 21 24 -3
Kambeseles, Peter
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
4 D3 D3 V5 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 26 20 +6
Kastenberg, Leo
FAP / Philadelphia / USA
5 D0 D0 D2 D4 D3 D4 0 0.00 13 28 -15
Kim, Juni
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
6 D2 D3 V4 D1 V5 D0 2 0.33 15 23 -8
Nomani, Shibli
LIFC / Virginia / USA
7 D1 V5 V5 D3 V5 V5 4 0.67 24 20 +4
Referee(s):
Forsythe, Melissa
NONE

Pool #18
On strip N2
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Park, Brian
ROCKLAND FENCERS / West-Rock / USA
1 V5 D2 D1 D4 V5 V4 3 0.50 21 25 -4
Reitinger, Luke
DCFC / Capitol / USA
2 D4 D2 D1 D3 D3 D1 0 0.00 14 30 -16
Kim, Alex
PENTA / Virginia / USA
3 V4 V5 D4 D4 D2 V5 3 0.50 24 23 +1
Vinnitchouk, Ted
TORONTOFC / CAN
4 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 V5 6 1.00 30 12 +18
Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
5 V5 V5 V5 D3 V5 V5 5 0.83 28 19 +9
Luong, Nam
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
6 D4 V5 V5 D1 D2 D3 2 0.33 20 25 -5
Carvalho, Daniel
CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / New England / USA
7 D3 V5 D4 D2 D1 V5 2 0.33 20 23 -3
Referee(s):
Mitchell, Matthew
LIBEF / Philadelphia

Pool #19
On strip N3
# 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 V V/M TS TR Ind
Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
1 D4 D4 V5 V5 D0 V5 3 0.50 23 24 -1
Kumashi, Mihir
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
2 V5 V5 D4 V5 V5 V5 5 0.83 29 18 +11
Glaz, Nicholas
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
3 V5 D4 D4 D4 D4 D3 1 0.17 24 29 -5
James IV, EJ (Edward)
TAMPAFA / Central FL / USA
4 D3 V5 V5 D4 V5 V5 4 0.67 27 25 +2
Hane, Matthew
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
5 D4 D1 V5 V5 V5 V5 4 0.67 25 22 +3
Mora, Christian
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
6 V5 D2 V5 D3 D0 V5 3 0.50 20 22 -2
Piccus, Isaac
LIFC / Virginia / USA
7 D2 D2 V5 D4 D4 D3 1 0.17 20 28 -8
Referee(s):
Ma, Anthony
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England

The status of National Collegiate Athletic Association Student Athletes competing in USFA tournaments during the academic year is unaffected by listing their school affiliation or as being "Unattached". The information presented here is used solely to comply with fencing rule o.13 so that conflicts are avoided.
Round #2 - DE
Round Seeding
Seed Name Class./Rank Club(s) Division Country V V/M TS TR Ind Status
1 Zhao, Howard B16 / 54  DYN    CHN  1.00  30  +26  Advanced
2 Haddad, Justin B16 / 57  DCFC  Capitol  USA  1.00  30  +21  Advanced
3T Vinnitchouk, Ted E16  TORONTOFC    CAN  1.00  30  12  +18  Advanced
3T Kim, Ethan B16 / 90  LIFC  Virginia  USA  1.00  30  12  +18  Advanced
5 Berger, Matteo C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA  1.00  30  13  +17  Advanced
6 Yao, Michael E16  DYN    CAN  1.00  29  12  +17  Advanced
7 Gornovsky, David B16  SWP    CAN  1.00  28  11  +17  Advanced
8 Zhang, Matthew B16  TIGERZ / ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA  1.00  29  13  +16  Advanced
9 Slavinskiy, Alan NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  1.00  30  16  +14  Advanced
10 Lozanov, Steven C16  SMFC  Western NY  USA  1.00  30  20  +10  Advanced
11 Sjostedt, Jacob B16 / 67  TIGERZ / ZFA  Philadelphia  USA  1.00  28  20  +8  Advanced
12 McKinley, Liam C16  DCFC  Virginia  USA  0.83  29  14  +15  Advanced
13 Gonzalez II, Ricky D16  OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA  0.83  27  13  +14  Advanced
14 Zhang, Daniel C16 / 46  BRE    CAN  0.83  26  12  +14  Advanced
15 Kumashi, Mihir C16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  0.83  29  18  +11  Advanced
16 Zhang, Jimmy C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.83  28  17  +11  Advanced
17 Plumer, Jack B16 / 73  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.83  29  19  +10  Advanced
18 Markham, Jimmy B16 / 59  VIVO FENCING  New England  USA  0.83  28  18  +10  Advanced
19 Dimmett, David A16  GREEN  Virginia  USA  0.83  27  17  +10  Advanced
20 Maurer, Chip B15  RCHMOND / DCFC  Virginia  USA  0.83  28  19  +9  Advanced
21T Weiss, Miles B16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  0.83  26  17  +9  Advanced
21T Ma, Ark C16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  0.83  26  17  +9  Advanced
23 Bowerman, Lucas FAP  Philadelphia  USA  0.83  29  21  +8  Advanced
24 Ra Jr., Daniel D16  FAW  West-Rock  USA  0.83  25  19  +6  Advanced
25 Adolphe, Benjamin B16 / 44  FSA  Virginia  USA  0.67  28  17  +11  Advanced
26 Reid, Avo D16  DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.67  27  16  +11  Advanced
27 Liverant, Skyler C16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.67  28  18  +10  Advanced
28 George, Cal D16  RIFAC  New England  USA  0.67  24  14  +10  Advanced
29 Jha, Rahul D16  FSA  Virginia  USA  0.67  27  19  +8  Advanced
30 Xiong, Yiwei BRE    CAN  0.67  27  20  +7  Advanced
31 Szabo, Benedek E16  SWP    CAN  0.67  25  18  +7  Advanced
32T Kambeseles, Jack D16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.67  28  22  +6  Advanced
32T Zheng, Hagen B16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  0.67  28  22  +6  Advanced
34 Kambeseles, Peter E16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.67  26  20  +6  Advanced
35 Feinberg, Gabriel D16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  0.67  25  19  +6  Advanced
36 Partridge, Lucas E16  CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA  0.67  24  18  +6  Advanced
37 Kim, Derek D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.67  22  16  +6  Advanced
38 Kang, Michael C15  ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA  0.67  21  15  +6  Advanced
39 Gaidar, Daniel E16  NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.67  27  22  +5  Advanced
40 Marsili, Damiano ALLIANCE F.A.    ITA  0.67  26  21  +5  Advanced
41 Lawson, Nicholas B17  FC  Metro NYC  USA  0.67  25  20  +5  Advanced
42T Graber, Andrew D16  ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  0.67  25  21  +4  Advanced
42T Obregon, Emilio D16  ZFA  S. Jersey  USA  0.67  25  21  +4  Advanced
44 Nomani, Shibli E16  LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA  0.67  24  20  +4  Advanced
45 Yoon, Nathan CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA  0.67  23  19  +4  Advanced
46T Rode, Damian FAW  West-Rock  USA  0.67  25  22  +3  Advanced
46T Yi, Kyle D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.67  25  22  +3  Advanced
46T Hane, Matthew CF&F / DFC  Northern OH  USA  0.67  25  22  +3  Advanced
49 James IV, EJ (Edward) C16  TAMPAFA  Central FL  USA  0.67  27  25  +2  Advanced
50 Foster, William DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.67  23  22  +1  Advanced
51 Deans, Robert LIFC  Virginia  USA  0.67  24  24  Advanced
52 Stichman, Alexander DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.67  21  21  Advanced
53 Lipper, Alexander E15  FSA  Virginia  USA  0.67  24  25  -1  Advanced
54 Combs, Colson E16  APEX  N. Carolina  USA  0.67  22  23  -1  Advanced
55 Lee, Timothy Seungjoon C16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.50  27  21  +6  Advanced
56 Lee, Woosuk B16  PENTA    KOR  0.50  24  18  +6  Advanced
57 Brunet, Nathan OLYMPIAMON    CAN  0.50  18  13  +5  Advanced
58 Kim, John D16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.50  25  21  +4  Advanced
59 Marakov, Allen MEDEO F.C.  New Jersey  USA  0.50  24  20  +4  Advanced
60 Doan, Joseph C16  FSA  Virginia  USA  0.50  24  21  +3  Advanced
61 Thayer, Jake B16  SWFFA / ILFC  Central FL  USA  0.50  25  23  +2  Advanced
62 Zhang, Tianyi C16  DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.50  24  22  +2  Advanced
63 Zafft, Maximo E16  PVFA  Connecticut  USA  0.50  26  25  +1  Advanced
64T Motir, Lucas COBRA FC  New Jersey  USA  0.50  24  23  +1  Advanced
64T Kim, Alex E16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.50  24  23  +1  Advanced
64T Zhou, Leo DYN    CAN  0.50  24  23  +1  Advanced
67 Jayendra, Chandrashekar C16  NTFA  North TX  USA  0.50  22  21  +1  Advanced
68 Guo, David (Yipu) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN  0.50  21  20  +1  Advanced
69 Cha, Russell E16  TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA  0.50  23  24  -1  Advanced
70T Steuble, Jack E16  NOVA  Virginia  USA  0.50  20  21  -1  Advanced
70T Price, Michael E16  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.50  20  21  -1  Advanced
70T Park, Prestan C16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.50  20  21  -1  Advanced
73 Tae, William E16  PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.50  21  23  -2  Advanced
74 Mora, Christian E16  MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.50  20  22  -2  Advanced
75 Park, Brian ROCKLAND FENCERS  West-Rock  USA  0.50  21  25  -4  Advanced
76 Saito, Thomas BRE    USA  0.50  20  24  -4  Advanced
77 Nehila, Stephen ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  0.50  19  23  -4  Advanced
78 Boswell, Griffin DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.50  20  26  -6  Advanced
79 Leigh, David D16  OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  0.33  26  23  +3  Advanced
80 Ratliff, Kenan D16  APEX  N. Carolina  USA  0.33  23  23  Advanced
81 Hilbert, Xavier E16  DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.33  22  22  Advanced
82 Gallo, Thane FAW  New Jersey  USA  0.33  23  26  -3  Advanced
83T Lavenstein, Kinley E17  RIFAC  New England  USA  0.33  21  24  -3  Advanced
83T Whelan, Thomas (Tony) OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  0.33  21  24  -3  Advanced
85 Carvalho, Daniel CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / ISB  New England  USA  0.33  20  23  -3  Advanced
86 Schleicher, Edward CF&F  Columbus OH  USA  0.33  17  20  -3  Advanced
87 Nossa, Alec   New Jersey  USA  0.33  20  24  -4  Advanced
88 Holler, Pascal RIFAC  New England  USA  0.33  22  27  -5  Advanced
89 Luong, Nam C16  OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA  0.33  20  25  -5  Advanced
90T Lyu, Weilin (Alex) DYN    CAN  0.33  19  24  -5  Advanced
90T Guo, Joe (Yihong) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN  0.33  19  24  -5  Advanced
92 Dixon, Samuel FENCERS  Metro NYC  USA  0.33  17  22  -5  Advanced
93 Schniederjan, Joseph E16  DUNWOODY  Georgia  USA  0.33  21  27  -6  Advanced
94T Costolo, Peter D16  ALLEZ  Northeast  USA  0.33  19  25  -6  Advanced
94T Olsen, Cian LIFC / NWFC  Southern CA  USA  0.33  19  25  -6  Advanced
94T Lee, Wesley DYN    CAN  0.33  19  25  -6  Advanced
94T Park, Vincent PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.33  19  25  -6  Advanced
94T Thacker, William CF&F  Northern OH  USA  0.33  19  25  -6  Advanced
99 Kuttrus, Max APEX  N. Carolina  USA  0.33  21  28  -7  Advanced
100 Harrington, Joseph (Jay) D'ALERTA  Central FL  USA  0.33  18  25  -7  Advanced
101T Gerardi, Samuel NOVA  Virginia  USA  0.33  18  26  -8  Advanced
101T Bekker, Mitchel NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.33  18  26  -8  Advanced
103 Pfeltz, Joshua MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.33  17  25  -8  Advanced
104T Labrozzi, Aidan APEX  N. Carolina  USA  0.33  15  23  -8  Advanced
104T Kim, Juni TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA  0.33  15  23  -8  Advanced
106 Park, Minchan PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.33  15  24  -9  Advanced
107 Fu, Han DYN    CAN  0.33  18  28  -10  Advanced
108 Glaz, Nicholas NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  0.17  24  29  -5  Advanced
109T Capobianco, Paul MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.17  20  28  -8  Advanced
109T Piccus, Isaac LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA  0.17  20  28  -8  Advanced
111 Stotz, Zachary B16  FSA  Virginia  USA  0.17  17  25  -8  Advanced
112 Seifrit, Robert WAL-SWR P  Philadelphia  USA  0.17  20  29  -9  Advanced
113T Huisenga, Justin LIFC  Virginia  USA  0.17  19  29  -10  Advanced
113T Singcuenco, Lance NORTHSFC  Long Island  USA  0.17  19  29  -10  Advanced
115 Valluri, Rohan LIFC  Virginia  USA  0.17  17  27  -10  Advanced
116 Snively, Mark FFF  Virginia  USA  0.17  18  29  -11  Advanced
117 Kravit, Connor FAW  West-Rock  USA  0.17  15  26  -11  Advanced
118 Zook, Evan GREEN  Virginia  USA  0.17  16  28  -12  Advanced
119 Luo, ZiRui OLYMPIA F. C.  New England    0.17  15  27  -12  Advanced
120 Hess, Oakley ROYALSWORDS  Virginia  USA  0.17  14  26  -12  Advanced
121 McDermott, Patrick DVFC  Philadelphia  USA  0.17  14  28  -14  Advanced
122 Garfinkel, Draken VACADF  Virginia  USA  0.17  11  26  -15  Advanced
123 Makheja, Jared VACADF / PENTA  Virginia  USA  0.17  13  29  -16  Advanced
124 Grillo, Jamie RIFAC  New England  USA  0.17  12  28  -16  Advanced
125 Menon, Amol MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.17  27  -18  Advanced
126 Douglas, Colin RIFAC  New England  USA  0.00  17  29  -12  Advanced
127T Ricchiuti, Nikola CF&F / DJHS  Northern OH  USA  0.00  16  30  -14  Advanced
127T Falletta, Anthony TRI-WPN FC  Maryland  USA  0.00  16  30  -14  Advanced
129 Capobianco, Anthony MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  0.00  15  30  -15  Advanced
130 Kastenberg, Leo FAP  Philadelphia  USA  0.00  13  28  -15  Advanced
131 Reitinger, Luke DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.00  14  30  -16  Advanced
132 Van Allen Jr., Peter C DCFC  Capitol  USA  0.00  13  30  -17  Advanced
133 Mrowka, Mario OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  0.00  11  30  -19  Advanced
Round Scores
View tableau from
Table of 256 Table of 128 Table of 64 Table of 32 Table of 16 Table of 8 Semi-Finals Finals  
                 
(1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
  (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(256) -BYE-   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(129) Capobianco, Anthony
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  Ma, Anthony  OLYMPIA F. C. / New England 
  (129) Capobianco, Anthony
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
 
(127T) Ricchiuti, Nikola
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
 
15 - 6
Ref:  Bontems, Pierre-Olivier  REGIA / CAN 
 
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(64T) Kim, Alex
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 1
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
  (64T) Kim, Alex
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(192) -BYE-       
    (64T) Motir, Lucas
COBRA FC / New Jersey / USA
 
 
(193) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Gordon, Raymond  CHES. F.C. / Maryland 
 
  (64T) Motir, Lucas
COBRA FC / New Jersey / USA
 
 
(64T) Motir, Lucas
COBRA FC / New Jersey / USA
 
   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(32T) Zheng, Hagen
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
  (32T) Zheng, Hagen
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
   
(224) -BYE-       
    (32T) Zheng, Hagen
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
   
(161) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Ma, Anthony  OLYMPIA F. C. / New England 
   
  (94T) Thacker, William
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
 
     
(94T) Thacker, William
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
 
       
    (32T) Zheng, Hagen
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
 
(94T) Costolo, Peter
ALLEZ / Northeast / USA
 
  5 - 5
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
 
  (94T) Costolo, Peter
ALLEZ / Northeast / USA
 
   
(160) -BYE-       
    (32T) Kambeseles, Jack
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
 
(225) -BYE-    15 - 6
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
 
  (32T) Kambeseles, Jack
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
 
(32T) Kambeseles, Jack
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(17) Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
  5 - 4
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
  (17) Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
   
(240) -BYE-       
    (17) Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
   
(145) -BYE-    15 - 2
Ref:  Van Scoyk, Aeron  UNIVOF / Gateway FL 
   
  (112) Seifrit, Robert
WAL-SWR P / Philadelphia / USA
 
     
(112) Seifrit, Robert
WAL-SWR P / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
    (17) Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
   
(81) Hilbert, Xavier
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
  15 - 6
Ref:  Van Scoyk, Aeron  UNIVOF / Gateway FL 
   
  (81) Hilbert, Xavier
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
       
(176) -BYE-           
    (46T) Rode, Damian
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
     
(209) -BYE-    15 - 14
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
     
  (46T) Rode, Damian
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
     
(46T) Rode, Damian
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
       
    (17) Plumer, Jack
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
 
(49) James IV, EJ (Edward)
TAMPAFA / Central FL / USA
 
  15 - 9
Ref:  Ma, Anthony  OLYMPIA F. C. / New England 
 
  (49) James IV, EJ (Edward)
TAMPAFA / Central FL / USA
 
   
(208) -BYE-       
    (49) James IV, EJ (Edward)
TAMPAFA / Central FL / USA
 
   
(177) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Bontems, Pierre-Olivier  REGIA / CAN 
   
  (80) Ratliff, Kenan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
     
(80) Ratliff, Kenan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
       
    (16) Zhang, Jimmy
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(113T) Singcuenco, Lance
NORTHSFC / Long Island / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Bontems, Pierre-Olivier  REGIA / CAN 
 
  (113T) Singcuenco, Lance
NORTHSFC / Long Island / USA
 
   
(144) -BYE-       
    (16) Zhang, Jimmy
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(241) -BYE-    15 - 2
Ref:  Mitchell, Matthew  LIBEF / Philadelphia 
 
  (16) Zhang, Jimmy
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(16) Zhang, Jimmy
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(9) Slavinskiy, Alan
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
  11 - 8
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
  (9) Slavinskiy, Alan
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
   
(248) -BYE-       
    (9) Slavinskiy, Alan
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
   
(137) -BYE-    15 - 7
Ref:  Ma, Anthony  OLYMPIA F. C. / New England 
   
  (120) Hess, Oakley
ROYALSWORDS / Virginia / USA
 
     
(120) Hess, Oakley
ROYALSWORDS / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
   
(73) Tae, William
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 9
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
   
  (73) Tae, William
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(184) -BYE-           
    (56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
     
(201) -BYE-    15 - 7
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
     
  (56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
     
(56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
       
    (56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
   
(41) Lawson, Nicholas
FC / Metro NYC / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Mitchell, Matthew  LIBEF / Philadelphia 
   
  (41) Lawson, Nicholas
FC / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(216) -BYE-           
    (41) Lawson, Nicholas
FC / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(169) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Van Scoyk, Aeron  UNIVOF / Gateway FL 
       
  (88) Holler, Pascal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
         
(88) Holler, Pascal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
           
    (41) Lawson, Nicholas
FC / Metro NYC / USA
 
     
(104T) Kim, Juni
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
  15 - 6
Ref:  Mitchell, Matthew  LIBEF / Philadelphia 
     
  (104T) Kim, Juni
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
       
(152) -BYE-           
    (24) Ra Jr., Daniel
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
     
(233) -BYE-    15 - 7
Ref:  Forsythe, Melissa  NONE 
     
  (24) Ra Jr., Daniel
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
     
(24) Ra Jr., Daniel
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
       
    (56) Lee, Woosuk
PENTA / KOR
 
 
(25) Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
  11 - 6
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
 
  (25) Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(232) -BYE-       
    (25) Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(153) -BYE-    14 - 1
Ref:  Bontems, Pierre-Olivier  REGIA / CAN 
   
  (104T) Labrozzi, Aidan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
     
(104T) Labrozzi, Aidan
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
       
    (25) Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(89) Luong, Nam
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
  15 - 7
Ref:  Van Scoyk, Aeron  UNIVOF / Gateway FL 
   
  (89) Luong, Nam
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
       
(168) -BYE-           
    (89) Luong, Nam
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
     
(217) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Mitchell, Matthew  LIBEF / Philadelphia 
     
  (40) Marsili, Damiano
ALLIANCE F.A. / ITA
 
     
(40) Marsili, Damiano
ALLIANCE F.A. / ITA
 
       
    (25) Adolphe, Benjamin
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
 
(57) Brunet, Nathan
OLYMPIAMON / CAN
 
  15 - 7
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
 
  (57) Brunet, Nathan
OLYMPIAMON / CAN
 
   
(200) -BYE-       
    (70T) Price, Michael
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
   
(185) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Ma, Anthony  OLYMPIA F. C. / New England 
   
  (70T) Price, Michael
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
     
(70T) Price, Michael
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
       
    (70T) Price, Michael
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
 
(121) McDermott, Patrick
DVFC / Philadelphia / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  curtis, leo  NWFC / Oregon 
 
  (121) McDermott, Patrick
DVFC / Philadelphia / USA
 
   
(136) -BYE-       
    (121) McDermott, Patrick
DVFC / Philadelphia / USA
 
 
(249) -BYE-    Opponent withdrew   
  (8) Zhang, Matthew
TIGERZ / New Jersey / USA
 
 
(8) Zhang, Matthew
TIGERZ / New Jersey / USA
 
   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(5) Berger, Matteo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
  15 - 3
Ref:  Blake, David  PRISDFF / New England 
  (5) Berger, Matteo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
   
(252) -BYE-       
    (5) Berger, Matteo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
   
(133) Mrowka, Mario
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
  15 - 8
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
   
  (133) Mrowka, Mario
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
     
(124) Grillo, Jamie
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
15 - 14
Ref:  Keirstead, Katherine  UNIVOTK / Tennessee 
     
    (69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
   
(69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
  15 - 11
Ref:  Bratsko, Debbie  BUCKCAOF/ / Philadelphia 
   
  (69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
       
(188) -BYE-           
    (69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
     
(197) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Papadopoulos, Maria  Virginia / USA 
     
  (60) Doan, Joseph
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
     
(60) Doan, Joseph
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
   
(37) Kim, Derek
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 3
Ref:  Papadopoulos, Maria  Virginia / USA 
   
  (37) Kim, Derek
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(220) -BYE-           
    (37) Kim, Derek
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(165) -BYE-    15 - 14
Ref:  Bratsko, Debbie  BUCKCAOF/ / Philadelphia 
       
  (92) Dixon, Samuel
FENCERS / Metro NYC / USA
 
         
(92) Dixon, Samuel
FENCERS / Metro NYC / USA
 
           
    (28) George, Cal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
     
(101T) Gerardi, Samuel
NOVA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Keirstead, Katherine  UNIVOTK / Tennessee 
     
  (101T) Gerardi, Samuel
NOVA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(156) -BYE-           
    (28) George, Cal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
     
(229) -BYE-    15 - 6
Ref:  Domashovetz, Greg  DENVFC / Colorado 
     
  (28) George, Cal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
     
(28) George, Cal
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
       
    (69) Cha, Russell
TOP F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
   
(21T) Ma, Ark
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Pashby, Stephen  MID-FC / N. Carolina 
   
  (21T) Ma, Ark
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
       
(236) -BYE-           
    (21T) Ma, Ark
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
       
(149) -BYE-    15 - 5
Ref:  Mahmoud, Taysir  New England 
       
  (108) Glaz, Nicholas
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
         
(108) Glaz, Nicholas
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
           
    (21T) Ma, Ark
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
       
(85) Carvalho, Daniel
CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / New England / USA
 
  15 - 7
Ref:  Delap, Rylan  BIRMNGHM F.C. / Alabama 
       
  (85) Carvalho, Daniel
CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / New England / USA
 
           
(172) -BYE-               
    (44) Nomani, Shibli
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
         
(213) -BYE-    15 - 13
Ref:  Keirstead, Katherine  UNIVOTK / Tennessee 
         
  (44) Nomani, Shibli
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
         
(44) Nomani, Shibli
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (12) McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
 
     
(53) Lipper, Alexander
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 8
Ref:  Bratsko, Debbie  BUCKCAOF/ / Philadelphia 
     
  (53) Lipper, Alexander
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(204) -BYE-           
    (53) Lipper, Alexander
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(181) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Domashovetz, Greg  DENVFC / Colorado 
       
  (76) Saito, Thomas
BRE / USA
 
         
(76) Saito, Thomas
BRE / USA
 
           
    (12) McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
 
     
(117) Kravit, Connor
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  Fayez, Ayman  IMASA / Georgia 
     
  (117) Kravit, Connor
FAW / West-Rock / USA
 
       
(140) -BYE-           
    (12) McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
 
     
(245) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Fayez, Ayman  IMASA / Georgia 
     
  (12) McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
 
     
(12) McKinley, Liam
DCFC / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
 
(13) Gonzalez II, Ricky
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Mahmoud, Taysir  New England 
 
  (13) Gonzalez II, Ricky
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
   
(244) -BYE-       
    (13) Gonzalez II, Ricky
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
   
(141) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Papadopoulos, Maria  Virginia / USA 
   
  (116) Snively, Mark
FFF / Virginia / USA
 
     
(116) Snively, Mark
FFF / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (13) Gonzalez II, Ricky
OLYMPIANFC / South TX / USA
 
   
(77) Nehila, Stephen
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
  15 - 4
Ref:  Mahmoud, Taysir  New England 
   
  (77) Nehila, Stephen
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
       
(180) -BYE-           
    (52) Stichman, Alexander
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(205) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Bratsko, Debbie  BUCKCAOF/ / Philadelphia 
     
  (52) Stichman, Alexander
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(52) Stichman, Alexander
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
       
    (20) Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
 
   
(45) Yoon, Nathan
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
 
  15 - 8     
  (45) Yoon, Nathan
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
 
       
(212) -BYE-           
    (83T) Whelan, Thomas (Tony)
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
       
(173) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Pashby, Stephen  MID-FC / N. Carolina 
       
  (83T) Whelan, Thomas (Tony)
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
         
(83T) Whelan, Thomas (Tony)
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
           
    (20) Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
 
     
(109T) Capobianco, Paul
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  Domashovetz, Greg  DENVFC / Colorado 
     
  (109T) Capobianco, Paul
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
       
(148) -BYE-           
    (20) Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
 
     
(237) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Keirstead, Katherine  UNIVOTK / Tennessee 
     
  (20) Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
 
     
(20) Maurer, Chip
RCHMOND / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
 
(29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  Domashovetz, Greg  DENVFC / Colorado 
 
  (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(228) -BYE-       
    (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(157) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Mahmoud, Taysir  New England 
   
  (100) Harrington, Joseph (Jay)
D'ALERTA / Central FL / USA
 
     
(100) Harrington, Joseph (Jay)
D'ALERTA / Central FL / USA
 
       
    (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
   
(93) Schniederjan, Joseph
DUNWOODY / Georgia / USA
 
  15 - 9
Ref:  Pashby, Stephen  MID-FC / N. Carolina 
   
  (93) Schniederjan, Joseph
DUNWOODY / Georgia / USA
 
       
(164) -BYE-           
    (93) Schniederjan, Joseph
DUNWOODY / Georgia / USA
 
     
(221) -BYE-    15 - 13
Ref:  Domashovetz, Greg  DENVFC / Colorado 
     
  (36) Partridge, Lucas
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
 
     
(36) Partridge, Lucas
CHVY CHSE / Capitol / USA
 
       
    (29) Jha, Rahul
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
 
(61) Thayer, Jake
SWFFA / Central FL / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Keirstead, Katherine  UNIVOTK / Tennessee 
 
  (61) Thayer, Jake
SWFFA / Central FL / USA
 
   
(196) -BYE-       
    (61) Thayer, Jake
SWFFA / Central FL / USA
 
   
(189) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Papadopoulos, Maria  Virginia / USA 
   
  (68) Guo, David (Yipu)
DYN / CAN
 
     
(68) Guo, David (Yipu)
DYN / CAN
 
       
    (3T) Vinnitchouk, Ted
TORONTOFC / CAN
 
 
(125) Menon, Amol
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
  15 - 10
Ref:  Fayez, Ayman  IMASA / Georgia 
 
  (132) Van Allen Jr., Peter C
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
   
(132) Van Allen Jr., Peter C
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
15 - 14
Ref:  Fayez, Ayman  IMASA / Georgia 
   
    (3T) Vinnitchouk, Ted
TORONTOFC / CAN
 
 
(253) -BYE-    15 - 6
Ref:  Fayez, Ayman  IMASA / Georgia 
 
  (3T) Vinnitchouk, Ted
TORONTOFC / CAN
 
 
(3T) Vinnitchouk, Ted
TORONTOFC / CAN
 
   
    (1) Zhao, Howard
DYN / CHN
 
(3T) Kim, Ethan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 13
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA
Video:  Blake, David  PRISDFF / New England
Assist:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX
 
  (3T) Kim, Ethan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
   
(254) -BYE-       
    (3T) Kim, Ethan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
   
(131) Reitinger, Luke
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
  15 - 5
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
   
  (126) Douglas, Colin
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
     
(126) Douglas, Colin
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
15 - 3
Ref:  Fife, Isobel  ORIO / Oregon 
     
    (67) Jayendra, Chandrashekar
NTFA / North TX / USA
 
   
(67) Jayendra, Chandrashekar
NTFA / North TX / USA
 
  15 - 6
Ref:  Petty, Ryan   
   
  (67) Jayendra, Chandrashekar
NTFA / North TX / USA
 
       
(190) -BYE-           
    (67) Jayendra, Chandrashekar
NTFA / North TX / USA
 
     
(195) -BYE-    15 - 5
Ref:  Petty, Ryan   
     
  (62) Zhang, Tianyi
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(62) Zhang, Tianyi
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
       
    (35) Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
   
(35) Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
  15 - 13
Ref:  Petty, Ryan   
   
  (35) Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
       
(222) -BYE-           
    (35) Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
       
(163) -BYE-    15 - 10
Ref:  Adams, Jim  DCFC 
       
  (94T) Lee, Wesley
DYN / CAN
 
         
(94T) Lee, Wesley
DYN / CAN
 
           
    (35) Feinberg, Gabriel
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
     
(99) Kuttrus, Max
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
  15 - 11
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
     
  (99) Kuttrus, Max
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
       
(158) -BYE-           
    (30) Xiong, Yiwei
BRE / CAN
 
     
(227) -BYE-    15 - 5
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
     
  (30) Xiong, Yiwei
BRE / CAN
 
     
(30) Xiong, Yiwei
BRE / CAN
 
       
    (14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
   
(19) Dimmett, David
GREEN / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 11
Ref:  Petty, Ryan   
   
  (19) Dimmett, David
GREEN / Virginia / USA
 
       
(238) -BYE-           
    (19) Dimmett, David
GREEN / Virginia / USA
 
       
(147) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
       
  (109T) Piccus, Isaac
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
         
(109T) Piccus, Isaac
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (46T) Yi, Kyle
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(83T) Lavenstein, Kinley
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
  15 - 13
Ref:  Vaughan, James  NONE / Western PA 
       
  (83T) Lavenstein, Kinley
RIFAC / New England / USA
 
           
(174) -BYE-               
    (46T) Yi, Kyle
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
         
(211) -BYE-    15 - 10
Ref:  Vaughan, James  NONE / Western PA 
         
  (46T) Yi, Kyle
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
         
(46T) Yi, Kyle
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
     
(51) Deans, Robert
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 10
Ref:  Vaughan, James  NONE / Western PA 
     
  (51) Deans, Robert
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
       
(206) -BYE-           
    (51) Deans, Robert
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
       
(179) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
       
  (78) Boswell, Griffin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
         
(78) Boswell, Griffin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
           
    (14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
     
(115) Valluri, Rohan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 11
Ref:  Adams, Jim  DCFC 
     
  (115) Valluri, Rohan
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
       
(142) -BYE-           
    (14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
     
(243) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Fife, Isobel  ORIO / Oregon 
     
  (14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
     
(14) Zhang, Daniel
BRE / CAN
 
       
    (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
   
(11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
  10 - 6
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
   
  (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
(246) -BYE-           
    (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
(139) -BYE-    15 - 6
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
       
  (118) Zook, Evan
GREEN / Virginia / USA
 
         
(118) Zook, Evan
GREEN / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
(75) Park, Brian
ROCKLAND FENCERS / West-Rock / USA
 
  15 - 7
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
       
  (75) Park, Brian
ROCKLAND FENCERS / West-Rock / USA
 
           
(182) -BYE-               
    (54) Combs, Colson
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
         
(203) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Vaughan, James  NONE / Western PA 
         
  (54) Combs, Colson
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
         
(54) Combs, Colson
APEX / N. Carolina / USA
 
           
    (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
(42T) Graber, Andrew
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
  15 - 11
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
       
  (42T) Graber, Andrew
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
           
(214) -BYE-               
    (42T) Graber, Andrew
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
           
(171) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Adams, Jim  DCFC 
           
  (86) Schleicher, Edward
CF&F / Columbus OH / USA
 
             
(86) Schleicher, Edward
CF&F / Columbus OH / USA
 
               
    (42T) Graber, Andrew
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
         
(107) Fu, Han
DYN / CAN
 
  15 - 10
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
         
  (107) Fu, Han
DYN / CAN
 
           
(150) -BYE-               
    (21T) Weiss, Miles
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
         
(235) -BYE-    15 - 4
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
         
  (21T) Weiss, Miles
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
         
(21T) Weiss, Miles
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
           
    (11) Sjostedt, Jacob
TIGERZ / Philadelphia / USA
 
     
(27) Liverant, Skyler
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
  15 - 8
Ref:  Katzenbach, Grayson   
     
  (27) Liverant, Skyler
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(230) -BYE-           
    (27) Liverant, Skyler
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(155) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Petty, Ryan   
       
  (101T) Bekker, Mitchel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
         
(101T) Bekker, Mitchel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
           
    (90T) Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
 
       
(90T) Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  Katzenbach, Grayson   
       
  (90T) Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
 
           
(166) -BYE-               
    (90T) Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
 
         
(219) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Fife, Isobel  ORIO / Oregon 
         
  (38) Kang, Michael
ROCKLAND FENCERS / New Jersey / USA
 
         
(38) Kang, Michael
ROCKLAND FENCERS / New Jersey / USA
 
           
    (90T) Guo, Joe (Yihong)
DYN / CAN
 
     
(59) Marakov, Allen
MEDEO F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
     
  (59) Marakov, Allen
MEDEO F.C. / New Jersey / USA
 
       
(198) -BYE-           
    (70T) Park, Prestan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(187) -BYE-    15 - 14
Ref:  Katzenbach, Grayson   
       
  (70T) Park, Prestan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
         
(70T) Park, Prestan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (6) Yao, Michael
DYN / CAN
 
     
(123) Makheja, Jared
VACADF / Virginia / USA
 
  14 - 9
Ref:  Fife, Isobel  ORIO / Oregon 
     
  (123) Makheja, Jared
VACADF / Virginia / USA
 
       
(134) -BYE-           
    (6) Yao, Michael
DYN / CAN
 
     
(251) -BYE-    15 - 8
Ref:  Delgado, Fernando  Illinois 
     
  (6) Yao, Michael
DYN / CAN
 
     
(6) Yao, Michael
DYN / CAN
 
       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
 
(7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
  15 - 6
Ref:  Lu, Annamaria  CUTTEFC / North TX 
 
  (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
   
(250) -BYE-       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
   
(135) -BYE-    15 - 3
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
   
  (122) Garfinkel, Draken
VACADF / Virginia / USA
 
     
(122) Garfinkel, Draken
VACADF / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
   
(70T) Steuble, Jack
NOVA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 7
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA 
   
  (70T) Steuble, Jack
NOVA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(186) -BYE-           
    (70T) Steuble, Jack
NOVA / Virginia / USA
 
     
(199) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA 
     
  (58) Kim, John
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
     
(58) Kim, John
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
   
(39) Gaidar, Daniel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
  15 - 4
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA 
   
  (39) Gaidar, Daniel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(218) -BYE-           
    (39) Gaidar, Daniel
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
(167) -BYE-    15 - 7
Ref:  Fife, Jamie  ORIOF / Oregon 
       
  (90T) Lyu, Weilin (Alex)
DYN / CAN
 
         
(90T) Lyu, Weilin (Alex)
DYN / CAN
 
           
    (26) Reid, Avo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(103) Pfeltz, Joshua
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  Abdelaziz, Hisham  FENCERSACA / St. Louis 
     
  (103) Pfeltz, Joshua
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
       
(154) -BYE-           
    (26) Reid, Avo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(231) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Delap, Rylan  BIRMNGHM F.C. / Alabama 
     
  (26) Reid, Avo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(26) Reid, Avo
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
   
(23) Bowerman, Lucas
FAP / Philadelphia / USA
 
  15 - 3
Ref:  Fife, Jamie  ORIOF / Oregon 
   
  (23) Bowerman, Lucas
FAP / Philadelphia / USA
 
       
(234) -BYE-           
    (106) Park, Minchan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(151) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Abdelaziz, Hisham  FENCERSACA / St. Louis 
       
  (106) Park, Minchan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
         
(106) Park, Minchan
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
           
    (42T) Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
 
       
(87) Nossa, Alec
New Jersey / USA
 
  8 - 7
Ref:  Bratsko, Stephen  BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey 
       
  (87) Nossa, Alec
New Jersey / USA
 
           
(170) -BYE-               
    (42T) Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
 
         
(215) -BYE-    15 - 5
Ref:  Abdelaziz, Hisham  FENCERSACA / St. Louis 
         
  (42T) Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
 
         
(42T) Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
 
           
    (42T) Obregon, Emilio
ZFA / S. Jersey / USA
 
     
(55) Lee, Timothy Seungjoon
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
     
  (55) Lee, Timothy Seungjoon
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(202) -BYE-           
    (55) Lee, Timothy Seungjoon
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(183) -BYE-    15 - 10         
  (74) Mora, Christian
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
         
(74) Mora, Christian
MARYLAND F.C. / Maryland / USA
 
           
    (55) Lee, Timothy Seungjoon
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
     
(119) Luo, ZiRui
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  Sierra, David  NORTT 
     
  (119) Luo, ZiRui
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England
 
       
(138) -BYE-           
    (10) Lozanov, Steven
SMFC / Western NY / USA
 
     
(247) -BYE-    15 - 4
Ref:  Fife, Jamie  ORIOF / Oregon 
     
  (10) Lozanov, Steven
SMFC / Western NY / USA
 
     
(10) Lozanov, Steven
SMFC / Western NY / USA
 
       
    (7) Gornovsky, David
SWP / CAN
 
 
(15) Kumashi, Mihir
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
  15 - 8
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA 
 
  (15) Kumashi, Mihir
ALLIANCE F.A. / Gulf Coast / USA
 
   
(242) -BYE-       
    (113T) Huisenga, Justin
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
   
(143) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Delap, Rylan  BIRMNGHM F.C. / Alabama 
   
  (113T) Huisenga, Justin
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
     
(113T) Huisenga, Justin
LIFC / Virginia / USA
 
       
    (79) Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
   
(79) Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
  15 - 6
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
   
  (79) Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
       
(178) -BYE-           
    (79) Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
     
(207) -BYE-    15 - 10
Ref:  Bratsko, Stephen  BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey 
     
  (50) Foster, William
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
     
(50) Foster, William
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
       
    (79) Leigh, David
OLYMPIA F. C. / New England / USA
 
   
(46T) Hane, Matthew
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
 
  15 - 13
Ref:  Sierra, David  NORTT 
   
  (46T) Hane, Matthew
CF&F / Northern OH / USA
 
       
(210) -BYE-           
    (82) Gallo, Thane
FAW / New Jersey / USA
 
       
(175) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
       
  (82) Gallo, Thane
FAW / New Jersey / USA
 
         
(82) Gallo, Thane
FAW / New Jersey / USA
 
           
    (18) Markham, Jimmy
VIVO FENCING / New England / USA
 
     
(111) Stotz, Zachary
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 9
Ref:  Fife, Jamie  ORIOF / Oregon 
     
  (111) Stotz, Zachary
FSA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(146) -BYE-           
    (18) Markham, Jimmy
VIVO FENCING / New England / USA
 
     
(239) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Abdelaziz, Hisham  FENCERSACA / St. Louis 
     
  (18) Markham, Jimmy
VIVO FENCING / New England / USA
 
     
(18) Markham, Jimmy
VIVO FENCING / New England / USA
 
       
    (2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(31) Szabo, Benedek
SWP / CAN
 
  14 - 13
Ref:  Fife, Jamie  ORIOF / Oregon 
 
  (31) Szabo, Benedek
SWP / CAN
 
   
(226) -BYE-       
    (31) Szabo, Benedek
SWP / CAN
 
   
(159) -BYE-    15 - 12
Ref:  Sierra, David  NORTT 
   
  (94T) Olsen, Cian
LIFC / Southern CA / USA
 
     
(94T) Olsen, Cian
LIFC / Southern CA / USA
 
       
    (31) Szabo, Benedek
SWP / CAN
 
   
(94T) Park, Vincent
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
  15 - 14
Ref:  Bratsko, Stephen  BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey 
   
  (94T) Park, Vincent
PENTA / Virginia / USA
 
       
(162) -BYE-           
    (34) Kambeseles, Peter
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
     
(223) -BYE-    15 - 11
Ref:  Tsiatas, Katherine  New England 
     
  (34) Kambeseles, Peter
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
     
(34) Kambeseles, Peter
NYFA / Metro NYC / USA
 
       
    (2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(63) Zafft, Maximo
PVFA / Connecticut / USA
 
  15 - 12
Ref:  ElGhamrawy, Alia  IMASA 
 
  (63) Zafft, Maximo
PVFA / Connecticut / USA
 
   
(194) -BYE-       
    (64T) Zhou, Leo
DYN / CAN
 
   
(191) -BYE-    15 - 9
Ref:  Duncan, Corwin  DCFC 
   
  (64T) Zhou, Leo
DYN / CAN
 
     
(64T) Zhou, Leo
DYN / CAN
 
       
    (2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(127T) Falletta, Anthony
TRI-WPN FC / Maryland / USA
 
  15 - 10
Ref:  Abdelaziz, Hisham  FENCERSACA / St. Louis 
 
  (127T) Falletta, Anthony
TRI-WPN FC / Maryland / USA
 
   
(130) Kastenberg, Leo
FAP / Philadelphia / USA
 
15 - 12
Ref:  Bratsko, Stephen  BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey 
   
    (2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(255) -BYE-    15 - 2
Ref:  Bratsko, Stephen  BUCKCAOF/B / New Jersey 
 
  (2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
 
(2) Haddad, Justin
DCFC / Capitol / USA
 
   
   

The status of National Collegiate Athletic Association Student Athletes competing in USFA tournaments during the academic year is unaffected by listing their school affiliation or as being "Unattached". The information presented here is used solely to comply with fencing rule o.13 so that conflicts are avoided.
Final Results
Event finished at 8:00 PM
Event classification: B3
Place Name Club(s) Division Country Class. Earned* Qualified For
1 Zhao, Howard DYN    CHN  B16  B17   
2 Gornovsky, David SWP    CAN  B16  B17   
3T Sjostedt, Jacob TIGERZ / ZFA  Philadelphia  USA  B16  B17   
3T Jha, Rahul FSA  Virginia  USA  D16  B17  Earns points 
5 Haddad, Justin DCFC  Capitol  USA  B16    Earns points 
6 Zhang, Daniel BRE    CAN  C16  C17   
7 Lee, Woosuk PENTA    KOR  B16     
8 Cha, Russell TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA  E16  C17   
9 McKinley, Liam DCFC  Virginia  USA  C16    Earns points 
10 Plumer, Jack MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  B16    Earns points 
11 Maurer, Chip RCHMOND / DCFC  Virginia  USA  B15    Earns points 
12 Adolphe, Benjamin FSA  Virginia  USA  B16    Earns points 
13 Feinberg, Gabriel OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  D16  D17   
14 Obregon, Emilio ZFA  S. Jersey  USA  D16  D17   
15 Leigh, David OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  D16  D17   
16 Guo, Joe (Yihong) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN  D17   
17 Vinnitchouk, Ted TORONTOFC    CAN  E16  E17   
18 Yao, Michael DYN    CAN  E16  E17   
19 Gonzalez II, Ricky OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA  D16     
20 Zhang, Jimmy DCFC  Capitol  USA  C16    Earns points 
21 Markham, Jimmy VIVO FENCING  New England  USA  B16     
22 Ma, Ark ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  C16     
23 Reid, Avo DCFC  Capitol  USA  D16    Earns points 
24 George, Cal RIFAC  New England  USA  D16     
25 Szabo, Benedek SWP    CAN  E16  E17   
26 Zheng, Hagen OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA  B16     
27 Lawson, Nicholas FC  Metro NYC  USA  B17     
28 Graber, Andrew ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  D16     
29 Yi, Kyle PENTA  Virginia  USA  D16    Earns points 
30 Lee, Timothy Seungjoon PENTA  Virginia  USA  C16    Earns points 
31 Jayendra, Chandrashekar NTFA  North TX  USA  C16     
32 Price, Michael MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  E16  E17  Earns points 
33 Kim, Ethan LIFC  Virginia  USA  B16    Earns points 
34 Berger, Matteo DCFC  Capitol  USA  C16    Earns points 
35 Slavinskiy, Alan NYFA  Metro NYC  USA     
36 Lozanov, Steven SMFC  Western NY  USA  C16     
37 Dimmett, David GREEN  Virginia  USA  A16    Earns points 
38 Weiss, Miles ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  B16     
39 Ra Jr., Daniel FAW  West-Rock  USA  D16     
40 Liverant, Skyler NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  C16     
41 Xiong, Yiwei BRE    CAN     
42 Kambeseles, Jack NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  D16     
43 Kambeseles, Peter NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  E16     
44 Kim, Derek PENTA  Virginia  USA  D16    Earns points 
45 Gaidar, Daniel NYFA  Metro NYC  USA  E16     
46 Nomani, Shibli LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA  E16    Earns points 
47 Rode, Damian FAW  West-Rock  USA     
48 James IV, EJ (Edward) TAMPAFA  Central FL  USA  C16    Earns points 
49 Deans, Robert LIFC  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
50 Stichman, Alexander DCFC  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
51 Lipper, Alexander FSA  Virginia  USA  E15    Earns points 
52 Combs, Colson APEX  N. Carolina  USA  E16    Earns points 
53 Thayer, Jake SWFFA / ILFC  Central FL  USA  B16    Earns points 
54T Motir, Lucas COBRA FC  New Jersey  USA     
54T Zhou, Leo DYN    CAN     
56T Park, Prestan PENTA  Virginia  USA  C16    Earns points 
56T Steuble, Jack NOVA  Virginia  USA  E16    Earns points 
58 Gallo, Thane FAW  New Jersey  USA     
59 Whelan, Thomas (Tony) OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA     
60 Luong, Nam OLYMPIANFC  South TX  USA  C16     
61 Schniederjan, Joseph DUNWOODY  Georgia  USA  E16    Earns points 
62 Park, Minchan PENTA  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
63 Huisenga, Justin LIFC  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
64 McDermott, Patrick DVFC  Philadelphia  USA     
65 Zhang, Matthew TIGERZ / ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA  B16     
66 Kumashi, Mihir ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA  C16     
67 Bowerman, Lucas FAP  Philadelphia  USA     
68 Partridge, Lucas CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA  E16    Earns points 
69 Kang, Michael ROCKLAND FENCERS  New Jersey  USA  C15     
70 Marsili, Damiano ALLIANCE F.A.    ITA     
71 Yoon, Nathan CHVY CHSE  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
72 Hane, Matthew CF&F / DFC  Northern OH  USA     
73 Foster, William DCFC  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
74 Brunet, Nathan OLYMPIAMON    CAN     
75 Kim, John PENTA  Virginia  USA  D16    Earns points 
76 Marakov, Allen MEDEO F.C.  New Jersey  USA     
77 Doan, Joseph FSA  Virginia  USA  C16    Earns points 
78 Zhang, Tianyi DCFC  Capitol  USA  C16    Earns points 
79 Zafft, Maximo PVFA  Connecticut  USA  E16     
80 Kim, Alex PENTA  Virginia  USA  E16    Earns points 
81 Guo, David (Yipu) DYN / MRFCCAN    CAN     
82 Tae, William PENTA  Virginia  USA  E16    Earns points 
83 Mora, Christian MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA  E16    Earns points 
84 Park, Brian ROCKLAND FENCERS  West-Rock  USA     
85 Saito, Thomas BRE    USA     
86 Nehila, Stephen ALLIANCE F.A.  Gulf Coast  USA     
87 Boswell, Griffin DCFC  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
88 Ratliff, Kenan APEX  N. Carolina  USA  D16    Earns points 
89 Hilbert, Xavier DCFC  Capitol  USA  E16    Earns points 
90 Lavenstein, Kinley RIFAC  New England  USA  E17     
91 Carvalho, Daniel CAMBRDGE FNCNG. CNTR / ISB  New England  USA     
92 Schleicher, Edward CF&F  Columbus OH  USA     
93 Nossa, Alec   New Jersey  USA     
94 Holler, Pascal RIFAC  New England  USA     
95 Lyu, Weilin (Alex) DYN    CAN     
96 Dixon, Samuel FENCERS  Metro NYC  USA     
97T Lee, Wesley DYN    CAN     
97T Olsen, Cian LIFC / NWFC  Southern CA  USA     
97T Thacker, William CF&F  Northern OH  USA     
97T Costolo, Peter ALLEZ  Northeast  USA  D16     
97T Park, Vincent PENTA  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
102 Kuttrus, Max APEX  N. Carolina  USA    Earns points 
103 Harrington, Joseph (Jay) D'ALERTA  Central FL  USA    Earns points 
104T Gerardi, Samuel NOVA  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
104T Bekker, Mitchel NYFA  Metro NYC  USA     
106 Pfeltz, Joshua MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA    Earns points 
107T Labrozzi, Aidan APEX  N. Carolina  USA    Earns points 
107T Kim, Juni TOP F.C.  New Jersey  USA     
109 Fu, Han DYN    CAN     
110 Glaz, Nicholas NYFA  Metro NYC  USA     
111T Piccus, Isaac LIFC / DCFC  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
111T Capobianco, Paul MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA    Earns points 
113 Stotz, Zachary FSA  Virginia  USA  B16    Earns points 
114 Seifrit, Robert WAL-SWR P  Philadelphia  USA     
115 Singcuenco, Lance NORTHSFC  Long Island  USA     
116 Valluri, Rohan LIFC  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
117 Snively, Mark FFF  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
118 Kravit, Connor FAW  West-Rock  USA     
119 Zook, Evan GREEN  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
120 Luo, ZiRui OLYMPIA F. C.  New England       
121 Hess, Oakley ROYALSWORDS  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
122 Garfinkel, Draken VACADF  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
123 Makheja, Jared VACADF / PENTA  Virginia  USA    Earns points 
124 Douglas, Colin RIFAC  New England  USA     
125 Falletta, Anthony TRI-WPN FC  Maryland  USA    Earns points 
126 Capobianco, Anthony MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA    Earns points 
127 Van Allen Jr., Peter C DCFC  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
128 Mrowka, Mario OLYMPIA F. C.  New England  USA     
129 Grillo, Jamie RIFAC  New England  USA     
130 Menon, Amol MARYLAND F.C.  Maryland  USA    Earns points 
131 Ricchiuti, Nikola CF&F / DJHS  Northern OH  USA     
132 Kastenberg, Leo FAP  Philadelphia  USA     
133 Reitinger, Luke DCFC  Capitol  USA    Earns points 
*Earned classifications are not official until recorded by the National Office.
The status of National Collegiate Athletic Association Student Athletes competing in USFA tournaments during the academic year is unaffected by listing their school affiliation or as being "Unattached". The information presented here is used solely to comply with fencing rule o.13 so that conflicts are avoided.